View short videotape If God Gives You Lemons and discuss the actions of the boy in the film. Ask students what they would have done in his place.
- Introduce the essay "Somebody's Baby" from High Tide in Tucson: Essays from Now or Never. In the essay, author Barbara Kingsolver discusses the importance of community in raising children. Read the essay together.
- Divide the class into small groups and give each group one of the following questions to answer:
- What does Kingsolver complain is the problem with America's attitudes toward children? Do you agree with her? Explain.
- What does Kingsolver suggest it takes to raise children?
- What does Kingsolver say is the most remarkable feature of human culture?
- Based on this essay, what could you infer that Kingsolver feels about community and its importance?
- Kingsolver's essay is about the relationship between community and children. Are there any other groups of people that could be included?
- Once groups have completed their tasks, conduct a class discussion of the questions.
- Introduce the essential questions:
Students will write these questions in their journals, and begin to think about them, but will not answer them in writing.
- Should students be responsible to their communities for caring and giving?
- What role does philanthropy play in maintaining our democratic society?
- Can one person make a difference in making the world a better place?
- Students will define the following terms in their journals: philanthropy, democracy, altruism, volunteer, first, second, third, and fourth sectors. As each term is discussed, the teacher should lead a short discussion of the history of each term, drawing on students' previous knowledge. See Philanthropy Vocabulary (Attachment One).
- Assign reading of articles on Philanthropy and Democracy (see Materials) or on the Internet by searching the "Third Sector." Highlight and discuss important information.
- Students are now ready to write brief responses to the essential questions (see above) based on their current knowledge.