Learning to Give, Philanthropy education resources that teach giving and civic engagement

Community Helpers
Lesson 2
From Unit: People Who Work
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Lesson
Handouts
Academic Standards
Philanthropy Framework

Purpose:

Students will brainstorm jobs that make up any community. Students are introduced to the concepts of “profit” and “not-for-profit” in their own community.

Duration:

One Forty-Five Minute Class Period

Objectives:

The learner will:

  • name community helpers.
  • define the terms “for-profit” and “not-for-profit.”
  • Give examples of non-profit jobs.

Materials:

  • Children's literature that talks about careers and community helpers. See Bibliographical References for some suggested books.
  • Coloring pages of community helpers (coloring books available at teacher supply stores or browse on the Internet—see Bibliographical References )
  • Pictures of community helpers
  • Paper and crayons, markers or colored pencils
  • student copies of Handout One: Volunteering in the Community (in Spanish, Handout Two)
Handout 1
Volunteering in the Community
Handout 2
Trabajo Voluntario en la Comunidad

Instructional Procedure(s):

Anticipatory Set:

Read aloud some books about careers and community helpers (see Bibliographical References or read your favorites). As you read, lead the students to recognize that communities have needs that are met by a large variety of jobs and people who work. For example, we have the need to eat so farmers/grocery stores provide food. Allow students to express connections to the jobs of the people they know.

  • After reading, have students add to the chart paper list started in the previous lesson about jobs that are necessary in a community. Encourage the students to think of all of their needs and how they are met by community jobs.
  • Tell the students that some of these jobs/people produce money for a business owner. Others of these jobs are “not-for-profit.” Define profit as money earned after the expenses and costs are covered. Give the example of a lemonade stand. Once they pay back Mom for the costs of the ingredients and cups, the rest of the money that they keep is profit. Define “not-for-profit” as something done for the common good that does not produce a profit. Give the example of a museum that provides a service for the common good. The museum takes your money to cover the costs of the art exhibits and the pay of the employees (those that are not volunteers, which is in the next lesson) but it doesn't earn a profit.
  • Display the list so all students can see all the pages. If you have small pictures to affix next to each job in the list, it will help students with the rereading. With the help of the students, indicate which community jobs are for profit and which are “not-for-profit.” There may be some gray areas, but some are clearly non-profit: fire fighters, mail carriers, librarians and teachers.
  • Tell each student to choose one job from the list. The students should illustrate the job using crayons, markers or colored pencils. The illustration should indicate the “uniform” and tools required of the job. Labels should indicate whether the job is for profit or not-for-profit. Additional information may include related interests, education and personal information.

Assessment:

Use the following rubric to assess student understanding of the chosen career.

Score Description

4

Appropriate illustration of helper, materials or uniform of helper, and correct label of profit or not-for-profit status of the worker.

3

Appropriate illustration of helper, materials or uniform of helper, but incorrect label of profit or not-for-profit status of the worker

2

Two of the three elements are missing.

1

Illustration not pertaining to the topic discussed.

0

No illustration, no tools, no label.

School/Home Connection:

Interactive Parent / Student Homework:

Send home Attachment One: Volunteering in the Community . Have students talk with their families about volunteering and community helpers. They should bring their homework in the following day.

Extension:

  • Talk about the difference between goods and services. Community helpers are often seen as those who provide services such as mail carriers, police officers and fire fighters. It may be confusing that these are not volunteer positions (although there are volunteer fire fighters). Community helpers are paid for their work.
  • Play BINGO or Lotto with illustrations of community helpers on cards. On the board, you can either put pictures of their tools, the buildings where they work or a label of the job for students to match.

Bibliographical References:

  • Caseley, Judith. On the Town: A Community Adventure. Greenwillow, 2002. ISBN: 0060295848

     
  • Kalman, Bobbie. Community Helpers from A to Z. Crabtree Pub., 1997. ISBN: 0865054045

     
  • Kalman, Bobbie. What is a Community from A to Z. Crabtree Pub., 2000. ISBN: 0865054142

     
  • Pellegrino, Marjorie White. My Grandma's the Mayor: A Story for Children about Community Spirit and Pride. Magination, 1999. ISBN: 1557986088

     
  • Rockwell, Anne. Career Day . HarperCollins, 2000. ISBN: 0060275650

     
  • First School.ws—Preschool Activities and Crafts: Community Helpers and Careers coloring pages http://www.first-school.ws/theme/cp_comhelpers.htm May 26, 2004
     

Lesson Developed By:

Sara Truss
Albion Public Schools
Harrington Elementary
Albion, Michigan

Handouts:

Handout 1Print Handout 1

Volunteering in the Community

Homework: Talk with your family about community helpers.
Complete the questions together.

  • What are some jobs of community helpers (nonprofits such as
    fire fighter, librarian, etc.)? Indicate whether each job is paid.
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
  • What does it mean to be a volunteer?
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
  • What are some volunteer jobs in the community?
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
  • How does volunteering help the community?
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
  • How do you feel when you volunteer for something?
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________
    ___________________________________________________________

Please bring this to school tomorrow. We will be discussing volunteers
in the community and thinking of things we can do for the common good.

Handout 2Print Handout 2

Trabajo Voluntario en la Comunidad

Tarea: Habla con tu familia acerca de ayudantes en la comunidad.   
Completen juntos las siguientes preguntas.

· ¿Cuáles son algunos de los trabajos de los ayudantes en la comunidad (sin fines de lucro, como bombero, bibliotecaria, etc.)? Indica si el trabajo es pagado o no.
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
· ¿Qué significa ser un voluntario?
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
· ¿Cuáles son algunos trabajos de voluntario en la comunidad?
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
· ¿Cómo le ayuda a la comunidad tener trabajadores voluntarios?
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
· ¿Cómo te sientes cuando tú haces algo como voluntario?
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

Por favor trae este papel a la escuela mañana.  Vamos a conversar acerca de los voluntarios en la comunidad y a pensar en cosas que nosotros podemos hacer por el bien común.

Philanthropy Framework:

Comments

Marge, Other – Tucson, AZ3/21/2009 9:53:47 PM

Thanks for your inclusion of My Grandma's the Mayor!
The book is now available in Korean as well.
I'm excited to think that the story might encourage children to contribute to their communities.

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Unit Contents:

Overview:People Who Work Summary

Lessons:

1.
Responsibility and Jobs
2.
Community Helpers
3.
Volunteers in the Community

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