Global Fund for Women
By Kristen deRoo VanderBerg
Graduate Student, Grand Valley State University
The Global Fund for Women is a grant-making foundation based in San Francisco, California. It promotes women’s human rights and women’s programs around the world by providing grants to organizations who are working for the betterment of women.
The Global Fund for Women’s mission is to “advance women's human rights by making grants to women's groups that work to gain freedom from poverty, violence and discrimination.” Their vision is “a just and democratic world where women and men participate equally in all aspects of society” (Global Fund for Women).
To achieve this mission and vision, the Global Fund for Women provides funds to organizations that address key women’s issues including violence against women, economic and environmental justice, women’s health, women’s civic and political participation, access to education for girls, and social change (ibid.).
Each year, the Global Fund for Women awards more than $4.5 million in aid to women’s rights groups around the world (International Human Rights Funders Group 2002). Since its founding in 1987, the Global Fund for Women has granted over $33 million to 2,390 women’s groups in 160 countries, which has enabled these organizations to carry out programs that meet the specific needs of women in their communities (Global Fund for Women).
It is important to note that the Global Fund for Women does not give grants to individuals or organizations in the United States. Instead, it funds organizations in developing countries in order to help them grow and meet the needs of women in their communities (ibid.). The Global Fund for Women feels that because financial resources for women’s programs are more available in the United States than they are in developing countries, and because resources can stretch a lot farther in the developing world than in North America, that they should focus their programs in this way.
It is also important to note that in addition to being a grant-making foundation, the Global Fund for Women is an international network of men and women who are committed to women’s rights. For example, the Global Fund for Women provides newsletters and other resources about women’s issues to its supporters, and sponsors learning events about gender issues (Katz 2004).
The Global Fund for Women functions as a non-endowment charity. This means that rather than dispersing interest from an endowment fund to make grants, the Global Fund for Women relies on the contributions of individuals, foundations, and corporations to meet its annual budget (Women’s International Network 2000). This support comes from a variety of sources including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the John D. and Catherine T. Mcarthur Foundation (Global Fund for Women).
The Global Fund for Women was founded in 1987 in Palo Alto, California by Anne Firth Murray, Frances Kissling, and Laura Lederer. These three women recognized that women around the world lacked basic human rights. They also realized that women lacked access to the resources that could change their situations. Murray, Kissling, and Lederer believed that these factors were a key cause for female poverty, and that by investing in women they could make a significant positive impact (ibid.).
Bill Hewlett, David Packard, Esther Hewlett, and Walter Hewlett were early investors in the Global Fund for Women. They believed in the ideals that Murray, Kissling, and Lederer expressed, even if the initial plans for the “global” fund were small. These early investors provided seed capital to get the fund started while Murray, Kissling, and Lederer provided the oversight and staff time. In their first year, the Global Fund for Women provided eight grants, totaling $34,000, to women’s groups in different parts of the world (Ramdas 2003).
Today, the Global Fund for Women is governed by 15 board members and managed by 29 staff. It receives roughly 2,700 grant proposals each year from organizations around the world. The staff of the Global Fund for Women work with an advisory council to select about 400 of the proposal ideas for funding. The grants are usually between $500 and $20,000 and are intended to be spent within one year. Current and former grantees also play a role in referring and recommending new organizations and programs for funding (ibid.).
The Global Fund for Women provides support to human rights organizations who are working specifically to improve women’s quality of life. This meets an important need around the world.
Women around the world face a variety of obstacles. For example, 70% of the 855,000,000 illiterate people in the world are women. Similarly, in many countries today, women lack the rights to vote, own land, or demand fair treatment. In fact, domestic violence is still the leading cause of death for women across the globe (Ramdas 2003).
The Global Fund for Women seeks to challenge these realities by providing financial resources to women’s human rights organizations. As a result of the Global Fund’s investments, women around the world have worked together to fight violence, promote women’s leadership, and advocate for their rights (Global Fund for Women).
The Fund also believes that investing in women is one of the most effective actions you can take to overcome global issues like war, poverty, and disease. This is because women play a special role both within a family structure and in their communities. When women are educated, their children are more likely to attend school. When women increase their income, they are more likely than men to reinvest this money into their family’s wellbeing. When women are given a voice in society, they are more likely than men to speak up on behalf of their family’s needs (ibid.).
Ties to the Philanthropic Sector
The Global Fund for Women is a charitable organization that supports nonprofit work around the world. It is the only foundation in the United States that awards grants specifically to women’s rights groups around the world. It is also the largest foundation in the world with this mission (ibid.).
Because the Global Fund for Women receives its annual support from individuals, corporations, and foundations, it also acts as a private non-profit corporation. This means that North Americans can use the Global Fund for Women to support the work of organizations around the world, while also receiving the tax benefits of donating to a US-based non-profit (Women’s International Network 2000).
The Fund was recently reviewed by Charity Navigator, the largest independent evaluator of charities in the United States. It received four stars for exceeding industry standards and outperforming other charities in its financial management and organizational transparency (Charity Navigator 2003).
The Charity Navigator’s evaluation team felt that the Global Fund for women used as much of their funds as possible for international programs rather than internal administrative costs. This rating, in turn, will help donors select the Global Fund for Women as a potential recipient for their donations.
An additional tie between the Global Fund for Women and the philanthropic sector has to do with its method of grant-making. The Global Fund for Women provides small, flexible grants to organizations based on the importance of their programs—not the size or location of the organization itself. This method of grant making has been so effective in advancing women’s causes that other foundations are adopting it for their grant making (Women’s International Network 2000).
The Global Fund for Women has also been instrumental in supporting the birth and development of women’s funds around the world. Women’s funds raise money in their local communities and then distribute grants to women’s organizations within their own region. The thinking behind women’s funds is that by keeping the resources and programs local, people making decisions about spending w/ill be more knowledgeable about the problems that need to be addressed. The programs will, therefore, be more effective. So far, the Global Fund for Women has provided seed money and technical expertise to numerous women’s funds in countries like South Africa, Nepal, and Mexico (Women’s International Network 2000).
Key Related Ideas
Access to education refers to the process of helping women and girls have the same opportunities as men and boys to attend school and become literate. This includes changing mindsets in society, opening up school enrollment to girls, and helping families afford to send their daughters to school (Global Fund for Women).
Economic and environmental justice refers to women’s ability to have access to income and the right to make decisions on how that income is spent. It also refers to women’s rights to protect their home and physical surroundings from pollutants and negative influences so that their quality of life is improved (ibid.).
Social change refers to over-arching ways of thinking. In the case of the Global Fund for Women, the fund is seeking social change that will help families, communities, and larger societies learn to value women and women’s roles. By changing mindsets, the Global Fund for Women hopes to help communities make improvements in areas such as access to education, economic and environmental justice, violence against women, women’s civic and political participation, and women’s health (ibid.).
Violence against women refers to the infringement upon women’s rights to be safe from harm in their homes and society. Programs that the Global Fund for Women supports include advocating for peace, improving women’s status in society, and providing resources for women who need help (ibid.).
Women’s civic and political participation refers to women’s equal rights, with men, to participate in government and hold law makers accountable. Programs that the Global Fund for Women supports include helping women gain the right to vote, educating women about civic processes, and working with people to advocate for women’s issues (ibid.).
Women’s funds are grant making organizations that raise money in their local communities and then distribute grants to women’s organizations within their own region. The idea is that by helping women mobilize funds within their community and by using those fund for local programs, women’s funds can decrease women’s dependence on outside donors. The belief is that programs will also be more effective because local people have a better grasp of local problems and can best route resources to where they are needed (Women’s International Network 2000).
Women’s health refers to a variety of factors that affect women’s physical well-being. This includes protecting women’s sexual and reproductive rights. It also refers to their ability to access adequate health care (Global Fund for Women).
Important People Related to the Topic
- Dame Nita Barrow (1916-1995): Barrow joined Murray, Kissling, and Lederer as an early supporter of the Global Fund for Women. Her career in health spanned more than half a century. She was a Rockefeller Foundation Fellow and served as Nursing Advisor to the World Health Organization. She also served as the Governor General of Barbados and as an Ambassador to the United Nations (Caribbean Community Secretariat 1994).
- Anne Firth Murray: Murray was one of the founders of the Global Fund for Women, she served as its president from 1987 through 1996. She was born in New Zealand but spent her career working for American foundations. She now serves as a consultant on civil society to many foundations and non-profit organizations (Global Fund for Women).
- Frances Kissling: Kissling was one of the founders of the Global Fund for Women, and now serves as the president for Catholics for a Free Choice. This is a non-profit organization working to advance gender equality and reproductive rights (ibid.).
- Laura Lederer: Lederer was one of the founders of the Global Fund for Women, and is now the director of the Center on Speech Equality and Harm. This institute examines various forms of harmful speech around the world. It is concerned both with the protection of free speech and lessening the negative impacts of harmful speech (ibid.).
- Kavita N. Ramdas (1962- ): Ramdas is the current president and chief operating officer of the Global Fund for Women, and has served in that role since 1996. Since taking on this role, Ramdas has earned several awards and recognitions for her philanthropic leadership and contributions to women’s issues. In 2004, the National Women’s Association named her the woman of the year for the public sector, and Women and Philanthropy gave her the “Leadership for Equity and Diversity” award. In 2003, the National Women’s Leadership Summit named her one of 21 leaders of the 21st century and gave her the “Choosing to Lead” award. In 2002, the Santa Clara Women and Law Society selected her as woman of the year. And in 1999, the Women’s Funding Network gave her an award for “Changing the Face of Philanthropy.” Ramdas was born in India (Ramdas 2003).
Related Nonprofit Organizations
- Association for Women’s Rights in Development is a membership organization that connects, informs, and encourages people to work together to advance gender equality, sustainable development, and women’s rights. They provide educational resources, facilitate debates, and bring people together to advocate for change (http://www.awid.org).
- International Network of Women’s Funds is a network of grant-makers who are interested in and committed to advancing women’s rights. The network is made up of women’s fund organizations from around the world that provide information, resources, advice, and mentoring to each other. They also coordinate their efforts, activities, and strategies to maximize their impact (http://www.inwf.org).
- Women’s Funding Network is an association of foundations and donors that support programs that deal with women’s issues. They work together to strengthen funds and advance social justice (http://www.wfnet.org).
- Women & Philanthropy is an association of grant makers who are committed to achieving equity for women and girls. They advocate for women’s equal participation within the charitable community. They also encourage grant-makers to use their resources to address women’s issues (http://www.womenphil.org).
Related Web Sites
International Center for Research on Women Web site, at http://www.icrw.org, provides research, resources, and advocacy on women’s issues. They conduct research and then provide concrete action steps that you can take on the issues.
Women’s Human Rights Net Web site, at http://www.whrnet.org, provides information and analyses of women’s human rights and global issues.
Women’s Human Rights Resources Web site, at http://www.law-lib.utoronto.ca/diana, provides articles, research tools, and other information about women’s human rights.
Women’s Studies / Women’s Issues Resource Web site, at http://research.umbc.edu/~korenman/wmst/links.html, provides an annotated listing of Web sites related to women’s studies and women’s issues. Sites can be found alphabetically or according to subject.
Women’s Watch Web site, at http://www.un.org/womenwatch, hosted by the United Nations Interagency Network on Women and Gender Equality, provides information and resources on gender equality and the empowerment of women. The site includes news, articles, statistics, and links to other sites.
Bibliography and Internet Sources
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