Harvesting Friends-Feeding Needs (4th Grade)

Grades: 
3, 4, 5

Raise students' awareness of the needs in their community related to hunger and ways that people and nonprofits work together to address the needs for the common good of all. 

Lesson Rating 
0
Duration 
PrintOne 45-50 minute class period
Objectives 

The learners will:

  • describe causes of hunger in the community.
  • identify ways that individuals can impact hunger.
  • demonstrate how private actions can work for the common good.
Materials 
  • List of food banks in the community (see Food Bank Locator: www.feedingamerica.org/zip_code.jsp)
  • Book or story that depicts character(s) demonstrating philanthropy through private actions for the common good: Suggested Titles:
    • DiSalvo-Ryan, DyAnne. Uncle Willie and the Soup Kitchen. Mulberry Books, 1997. ISBN: 688152856
    • Taulbert, Clifton L. Little Cliff and the Porch People. Dial Books for Young Readers, 1999. ISBN: 803721749
    • McGovern, Ann. Stone Soup. Scholastic Trade Books, 1986. ISBN: 0590416022
Teacher Preparation 

It is important to be sensitive to the possibility that someone in your class may have some personal experience with homelessness, hunger and poverty.

Home Connection 

Extension: If the students decide to do a food drive, involve family and community members by also collecting recipes that require minimal ingredients but are nutritious and healthy. Create a flyer of information about the service project to distribute to families, staff and friends describing what is being studied and how your class can use their assistance in the collection of food items and in the compilation of recipes for the cookbook.

Reflection 

 Write about ways you are or plan to be a philanthropist.

Bibliography 
  • Food Bank Locator: www.feedingamerica.org/zip_code.jsp
  • Bread for the World http://www.bread.org/
  • Taulbert, Clifton L. Little Cliff and the Porch People. Dial Books for Young Readers, 1999. ISBN: 803721749
  • McGovern, Ann. Stone Soup. Scholastic Trade Books, 1986. ISBN: 0590416022
  • DiSalvo-Ryan, DyAnne. Uncle Willie and the Soup Kitchen. Mulberry Books, 1997. ISBN: 688152856

Instructions

Print
  1. Anticipatory Set:

    Write the term "Food Insecurity" on the board. Ask the learners to share what they think the term means. Share with them that "in the United States, one out of five children (20 percent) lives in a food insecure household, which means they do not always know where they will find their next meal." Tell them that people in need of food live right in their owncommunity as well in other parts of the world. We often forget that fact because we are a nation of much wealth. http://www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/impact-of-hunger/child-hunger/child-hunger-fact-sheet.html

  2. Have the students count off from 1 to 5. Ask each learner that is a number 5 to move to the center of the room. Share with them that this represents the number of children in the class, one in six in the class, who would be considered to be "food insecure", learners that do not always know where they will find their next meal. Using the populations of the grade level, school and city, have them calculate the number of learners that would be considered to be "food insecure" in those populations.

  3. If information is available share some statistics about hunger and poverty in your own community. Allow for discussion.

  4. Ask the learners to share with the class ideas that they think might help provide food for those children. List their suggestions on the board (collect canned food; help in a food kitchen; raise money to donate, etc.).

  5. Show the class the cover of the book that you have chosen to read. Allow time to discuss what they think the book might be about.

  6. After reading the story, engage the students in a discussion about how the characters in the story helped each other. Suggest that there are those in their own community that could use help as well.

  7. Define or reviewthe term Philanthropy: giving time, talent and/or treasure for the sake of another, or for the common good.

  8. Tell the learners that helping those who are hungry is an act of philanthropy.

  9. Have the learners look at the list that they helped to create. Use the list to help guide them in formulating an action plan for a food drive service project.

Assessment 

Teacher observation of student contributions and participations to discussions will serve as the assessment for this lesson.

Cross Curriculum 

Students participate in a food drive or other action to support a local food bank.

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark E.2 Explain the difference between wants and needs.
  2. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark E.1 Describe one reason why a person might give or volunteer.
      2. Benchmark E.5 Give examples of actions students can take to improve the common good and list or describe responsibilities that go with those actions.
  3. Strand PHIL.IV Volunteering and Service
    1. Standard VS 01. Needs Assessment
      1. Benchmark E.1 Identify a need in the school, local community, state, nation, or world.