Duration 
PrintTwo to Three Forty-Five Minute Class Periods
Objectives 

The Learnerwill:

  • discuss and consider the needs faced by Pilgrims to establish their community
  • describe, in an acrostic poem, seven philanthropic values demonstrated by Squanto.
  • examine the connections among community, individuals, and philanthropy.
Materials 
  • Social Studies text or reference materials related to Native American giving and sharing traditions and sources related to Squanto's and other Native Americans' philanthropic attitude toward the Pilgrims
  • Squanto, Friend of the Pilgrims, by Clyde Robert Bulla (see Bibliographic References).
  • Web sites:http://www.plimoth.org/museum/hobbamock/wip%2Dalm5.htmhttp://members.aol.com/calebj/squanto.html(requires teacher editing for age-appropriate application with elementary students).
Bibliography 
  • Bulla, Clyde Robert. Squanto, Friend of the Pilgrims. Scholastic, 1990.

Instructions

Print
  1. Anticipatory Set:Before studying about the Pilgrims landing at Plymouth, brainstorm these questions and record student responses on the board:

    1. "What would it be like to be sent to the shores of an unknown land?"
    2. "How would you survive, gather food, find shelter?"
    3. "If you could have one person help you, what characteristics would you want this person to have?"
  2. Begin study of New England Settlements with social studies text or other instructional materials. Discuss the conditions of the community and the problems faced by the people.

  3. Read and discuss orally resource materials or biographies about Squanto, Massasoit, and/or Wampanoag Indians.

  4. Review the word "philanthropy" and how Native Americans were philanthropic. For example, Squanto helps a Pilgrim community in need of food, planting techniques, and communication with Native Americans.

  5. Discuss the needs the Pilgrim community would have to have to establish itself.

  6. Discuss the philanthropic principles Squanto demonstrated: helping, giving, and sharing of his talents and knowledge.

  7. Questions for further development of philanthropy.

    • What is the need?
    • Who has the need?
    • Who is in the community?
    • Who fills the need?
    • What talent or treasure was given or shared?
    • What goodness does the community experience from that giving or sharing?
    • What is the reward for the one who shared?
    • What would have happened if the needs weren't met?
  8. Create an Acrostic Poem with Squanto's name. Each letter in his name should describe a philanthropic characteristic (see Attachment One). Model an acrostic poem for students.

  9. Individually or in small groups, use a contemporary scenario for students reaction. An immigrant comes to your community, unable to speak English very well, unemployed, in temporary housing, food is scarce, and clothing is limited. As a native of this community, how could you and your classmates demonstrate a helping and giving attitude?

  10. On a poster divided into four panels, list or illustrate three ways you could help in Panel One. In Panel Two, use the telephone book to find two services or agencies from the nonprofit or third sector that could help, list their names, phone numbers, and the needs they could address. In Panel Three, make an acrostic poem using the student's own name with each letter related to philanthropic acts they do. Panel Four should contain a statement that describes why philanthropy is important to the community.

Assessment 

Teacher observation of student participation. Completion and quality of Squanto Acrostic Poem (see Attachment One).Three-Point Rubric: Squanto Acrostic Poem3 Points each letter of Squanto's name relates to his philanthropic actions or beliefs.2 Points six of the seven letters relates to philanthropic actions.1 Point fewer than six of the seven letters relate to philanthropic actions. Scoring Rubric for Poster POINTS PANEL ONE PANEL TWO PANEL THREE PANEL FOUR 4 Depicts or lists three reasonable philanthropic actions students could take. Complete name and telephone number of two service agencies and the need(s) they could address. An acrostic poem using the letters of the student's name and the philanthropic actions they do. A statement on why philanthropy is important to the community. 3 Two reasonable actions given, one unrealistic action Missing one phone number or one need. An acrostic poem using the letters of the student's name and the philanthropic actions they do. A statement on why philanthropy is important to the community. 2 Three out of four panels completed at the 4-point level, but one panel missing or seriously deficient. 1 Three out of four panels completed at the 3-point level, but one panel missing or seriously deficient. 0 Less than three panels completed

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark E.1 Define philanthropy as the giving and sharing of time, talent, or treasure intended for the common good.
    2. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark E.6 Explain why acting philanthropically is good for the community, state, nation, or world.
  2. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
      1. Benchmark E.3 Identify the similarities in philanthropic behavior among people of different cultural backgrounds.
    2. Standard PCS 06. Philanthropy in History
      1. Benchmark E.4 Describe an early example of philanthropy practiced in the indigenous culture.
      2. Benchmark E.6 Trace the historic roots of philanthropy in the nation's history.
      3. Benchmark E.7 Give examples of how indigenous traditions and immigrant traditions shaped philanthropy in the nation.
    3. Standard PCS 07. Skills of Civic Engagement
      1. Benchmark E.2 Discuss an issue affecting the common good in the classroom or school and demonstrate respect and courtesy for differing opinions.
      2. Benchmark E.3 Participate in acts of democratic citizenship in the classroom or school, such as voting, group problem solving, classroom governance or elections.
  3. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark E.9 Give examples how people give time, talent or treasure in different cultures.