One Thirty to Forty-Five Minute Class Period

The learner will:

  • explain the meaning of philanthropy as, "caring, sharing, and/or private action for the common good."
  • identify examples of philanthropy toward Annie Etheridge in the first three chapters of Gentle Annie.
  • cite and discuss examples of philanthropy that they have observed in their own lives.


  • Gentle Annie, by Mary Frances Shura (see Bibliographic References)
  • Classroom materials: Chalkboard, whiteboard, or overhead projector OR
  • Paper and pencils
Prerequisite Knowledge:
    Students will have finished reading and discussing Gentle Annie, Chapters 1-3.


Shura, Mary Francis. Gentle Annie: The True Story of a Civil War Nurse. Apple paperback, 1997. ISBN: 0590435000.


  1. Anticipatory Set:Introduce the term philanthropy by writing it on the board or overhead, saying it, and allowing students to practice saying it. Students will hypothesize definitions of the word philanthropy, without other direction. (KWL.) Record responses on the board or overhead.

  2. Provide the definition of philanthropy (caring, sharing, and/or private action for the common good).

  3. Small groups of students will discuss and record examples of philanthropy that they have read about. One student or all students could record their findings.

  4. Small group findings will be reported to the entire class.

  5. As an entire class or in small groups, students will record examples of philanthropy that they have personally observed or heard about.


The students will write a paragraph. The paragraph will need to include:

the definition of philanthropy in the topic sentence,
at least two examples of philanthropy observed by the individual student, and
for each example given, students must explain why he/she considers this an act of philanthropy.
Criteria for acceptance includes all the above, plus the class standard criteria for paragraph writing. This standard includes Paragraph Form: indent, topic sentence, supporting details, complete sentences, and correct spelling for known words.

Cross Curriculum 

As an entire class or in small cooperative groups, students will generate a list of examples of philanthropy that they have personally observed or heard about.

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark E.1 Define philanthropy as the giving and sharing of time, talent, or treasure intended for the common good.
    2. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark E.6 Explain why acting philanthropically is good for the community, state, nation, or world.
    3. Standard DP 05. Role of Foundations
      1. Benchmark E.2 Name a local philanthropist who has given to a foundation.
  2. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
      1. Benchmark E.5 Identify one local citizen who has helped the community through giving and/or service.
    2. Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
      1. Benchmark E.7 Identify women and minority philanthropists.

Academic Standards

Select categories to search for standards.

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