Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
Benchmark HS.2 Discuss and give examples of why some humans will sacrifice for the benefit of unknown others.
Benchmark HS.3 Give examples of human interdependence and explain why group formation is one strategy for survival.
Benchmark HS.5 Describe civil society advocacy organizations and their relationship to human rights.
Strand PHIL.IV Volunteering and Service
Standard VS 01. Needs Assessment
Benchmark HS.1 Identify a need in the school, local community, state, nation, or world.
Benchmark HS.2 Research the need in the school, neighborhood, local community, state, nation, or world.
Use this opening activity to help students understand, on a personal level, what it means to be a refugee. They discuss the benefits of home and family and explore the feelings experienced by refugees who have lost everything.
The learner will:
- identify the possible feelings, hopes, and fears of refugees forced to leave their homes against their will.
- explore why people and charitable nonnprofit organizations are motivated to help unknown others.
- write a letter or journal entry from the perspective of a refugee that shows empathy and understanding.
- Student copies or poster of "How Does it Feel" downloaded from the UNHCR website https://www.unhcr.org/4a5483b39.html
- Extension: student copies of Handout One: Vocabulary
- UNHCR The UN Refugee Agency http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646cbf.html
- UNHCR Maps “The World’s our Stage” http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c4ca.html [no longer available]
- UNHCR Populations of Concern Map https://www.unhcr.org/4b04002b9.pdf
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml
Ask students to recall a time they felt out of place in a situation, such as being a new student. Discuss how it feels when you are in an unfamiliar place with people you don't know.
Place students into small groups of two or three. Distribute copies of the UNHCR poster "How Does It Feel?" to each group or project it on the board. Have students work through the first four steps of the handoutin their groups. Discuss why being part of a group can help people survive displacement from their homes.
Then read aloud the scenario from steps five and sixof the Student Handout. Help the students envision whatmay force someone from his or her home.
Now have students consider their fate as a refugee from the Student Handout.Have them think about the situation,discuss withtheir small groups, then talk about the questions as a whole class.Tell the students that people and organizations in the civil society sector help refugees survive by organizing camps and providing resources. Point out to the students that the poster was produced by USA for UNHCR, a charitable nonprofit organization that helps refugees.Ask why the United Nations and people will helpunknown others in this situation.
Finally, have students write a letter or journal entry from the point of view of a refugee expressing his or her feelings and thoughts about how they will survive the refugee camp immediately and move out of itin the long-term.
As students write the journal entry from the perspective of the refugee, they reflect with empathy about refugees. After the writing experience talk about how they felt to speak from that perspecitve.