Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
Benchmark MS.4 Give examples of how individuals have helped others.
Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
Benchmark MS.6 Identify significant contributions to society that come from the civil society sector.
Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
Benchmark MS.4 Describe the characteristics of someone who helps others.
Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
Benchmark MS.3 Give an example of how philanthropy can transcend cultures.
Standard PCS 05. Philanthropy and Government
Benchmark MS.11 Identify and give an example of organizations in the civil society sector that work to protect minority voices around the world.
Strand PHIL.IV Volunteering and Service
Standard VS 01. Needs Assessment
Benchmark MS.1 Identify a need in the school, local community, state, nation, or world.
Benchmark MS.2 Research the need in the school, neighborhood, local community, state, nation, or world.
This lesson introduces the health workers who are saving children's lives across the world. Students learn what types of preventable diseases threaten babies and children and what the workers do. Students work in small groups to research and report on statistics about five featured countries. They learn that they can support these health workers by sharing their time and talent.
The learner will:
- view and reflect on a video about health workers in five poor countries.
- research and report on one of five countries.
- take notes on each of the five countries reported.
- reflect on ways to share time and talent to help children in the poorest countries.
- Internet access to YouTube videos (If you do not have Internet in the classroom, print out some of the information from the website in advance.)
- student copies of Handout One: Statistics on Five Countries
- student access to the library or internet
- presentation supplies, as determined by each group
- Nation Master. Population Below Poverty Line. https://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Population-below-poverty-line
- UNICEF. State of the World's Children. www.unicef.org/infobycountry/index.html (state of the world's children--statistics--printout infant mortality and health in pdf)
- Wikipedia. Population by Country. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_percentage_of_population_living_in_poverty
- World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/countries/gtm/en/
Remind the students that in the first lesson they learned about Save the Children. Save the Children, in a project called "Newborn and Child Survival Campaign,"trains local health workers to provide healthcare to children in hard to reach communities in developing countries. Show one or all healthcare worker videos from Save the Children website (scroll to the bottom of the page and click videos, https://www.everybeatmatters.org/.) These videos introduce the health workers who have been trained and hired by Save the Children to work in the countries where babies and children are dying of preventable or treatable illnesses.
- What work do the health workers do?
- In what ways are these health workers heroes?
- What do you think you can do to save children's lives in poor countries? (We'll talk about it in the next lesson.)
Tell the students why the work of these people is important. Each year, more than 8 million children die from preventable and treatable causes. Nearly 4 million of these deaths are among newborns in their first month of life - half of them dying within their first 24 hours. By giving mothers and caregivers a package of simple tools, including guidance on healthy newborn care practices, the majority of these deaths could be prevented. Items crucial to saving more babies’ lives include the following:
- Antibiotics to treat infection
- Immunizations against tetanus, measles, pneumonia and other preventable diseases
- Breastfeeding for babies and healthy foods for young children
- Information on basic newborn care such as keeping the baby clean and warm
Say, "In the previous lesson, you read in the article that nonprofits like Save the Children depend on donations, grants, fees from services, and volunteers. People and organizations all over the world support Save the Children with money and grassroots campaigns to change laws and help in other ways. Save the Children created a website where contributors can "See Where the Good Goes" from all these contributors. The site is https://www.everybeatmatters.org/. On this site, you can view and read about some of the different people and countries where Save the Children does their work.
Show the page that profiles five health workers from Mali, Malawi, Guatemala, Indonesia, and Bangladesh that are on the frontlines of saving mothers, newborns, and children in their communities. http://www.everybeatmatters.org/frontline (bottom of the homepage under 'videos')
Tell the students they are going to work in small groups to learn more about these countries. Assign a country to each of five groups. The countries are Mali, Malawi, Guatemala, Indonesia, and Bangladesh. The group may use the library and internet to find out the following information about their country: location description, population numbers, household income and poverty statistics, education, infant mortality, life expectancy, and health (immunizations/AIDS/sanitation) statistics. The following site has many of these statistics by country: https://www.unicef.org/where-we-work See Bibliographical References below for more research sites.
Each group gathers information and presents it to the rest of the class. This may be in the form of a poster, presentation software (PowerPoint or Keynote), or other creative method and must include a map and a graph or chart. This may take several class periods to complete before Day Two of this lesson.
Allow each group to make the presentation about their country.
The other students take notes on the five facts. See Handout One:Statistics on Five Countries.
After the presentations, discuss the following:
- How can philanthropic action address the issues of these countries?
- What factors might contribute to poverty in these countries?
- Should our government help these countries? Why and how? Should businesses help these people? Why and how?
- What do you think ordinary people, like us, can do to help the poorest people in these countries? Do you want to do something with our time, talent, or treasure?
Tell the students that in the next lesson, they will discuss and come to an agreement about ways they can make a difference in these countries.
As an assessment, give each student a copy of an unlabeled world map. Have the students label the five countries from the class reports. They may work from a word list, if appropriate. In addition, they recall and write at least one fact learned about each location.