PrintOne 20-minute lesson

The learner will:

  • read a text on Patrick Henry.
  • analyze the text to answer questions.
  • reflect on ways Patrick Henry demonstrated integrity.
  • The definitions of integrity written in a display area: "Be true to yourself and others" and "Knowing and doing what is right"
  • Student copies of Handout One: Patrick Henry


  1. Anticipatory Set:

    Knowing and doing is the key to integrity! It's not enough to know what's right, but one must also do the right thing. Sometimes obstacles make doing the right thing difficult. Today, we're going to read about a patriot who demonstrates integrity by taking a stand in a tough situation.

  2. Distribute the article about Patrick Henry. The article can be read silently or aloud. (Due to the vocabulary in the text and the direct quotes from Patrick Henry, you may want to have the students follow along as you read aloud.)

  3. Teacher: Please read (or follow along as I read) this article on Patrick Henry and be prepared to answer the questions at the end.

  4. Have the students answer the questions individually or in groups of two. After the students answer the questions in writing, ask them to discuss the following question: Did Patrick Henry stay true to himself and others? Encourage students to share their thinking by prompting them with questions such as the following: What makes you say that? Where in the text do you find statements to support your ideas?

  5. Optional: Make comparisons with politicians of today. Discussion: How does Patrick Henry's integrity compare to the integrity of today's politicians? Think about campaign promises made by candidates today. Do the politicians follow through with what they know is right? What obstacles [something that gets in the way and blocks advancement] do politicians face? What has changed since Patrick Henry's time?

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.4 Give examples of how individuals have helped others.
    2. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Describe how different needs are met in different ways by government, business, civil society, and family.
      2. Benchmark MS.5 Explain why economic freedom is important to the civil society sector.
  2. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
      1. Benchmark MS.4 Describe the characteristics of someone who helps others.
    2. Standard PCS 05. Philanthropy and Government
      1. Benchmark MS.10 Give historic and contemporary examples of a voluntary action by an individual or a private organization that has helped to enhance a fundamental democratic principle.
    3. Standard PCS 06. Philanthropy in History
      1. Benchmark MS.2 Give an example of individual philanthropic action that influenced the nation's history.
  3. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.10 Identify reasons why historic figures acted for the common good.