Students reflect on reading to identify acts of philanthropy in literature. The teacher poses the question, "Does all literature include examples of philanthropy?"
The learner will:
- identify the main characters.
- state the problem in the story.
- summarize the solution to the problem.
- identify examples of philanthropy in the story.
- Teacher may choose from these books or others for the lesson (see Bibliographical References): Kids Random Acts of Kindness Sisters in Strength The Garden of Happiness
- Carter, Rosalyn. Kids Random Acts of Kindness. Conari Press, 1994. ISBN:0943233623
- McDonough. Yona Zeldes. Sisters in Strength. Henry Holt and Co., New York, 2000. ISBN:0-8050-6102-9
- Tamar, Erika. The Garden of Happiness. Harcourt Brace and Co., New York, 1996. ISBN: 0-15-230582
Ask learners to list some things they share (classroom items, roads, post office, teacher). Write their ideas on the board. Have the students look at their brainstormed list and give reasons why they think sharing these things promotes the “common good.” After the discussion, display the definition of “common good.”
(n) Resources shared for the collective benefit of the whole group of people.
Tell the students that you believe that all literature includes acts of philanthropy. Talk about some of the literature you have read together and ask students to identify examples of philanthropy in those stories (talk about examples of kindness, sharing, putting someone else first, working together, solving community problems, teaching someone, etc.).
Before reading a picture book to the students, tell them you want them to think about the following questions.
You may display these on the board while you read aloud a book.
- What is the need?
- Who has the need?
- Who is in the community?
- Who fills the need?
- What talent or treasure was given or shared? What did it cost to fill the need?
- What action was done for the common good?
- What does the community experience from that giving or sharing?
- What is the reward for the one who shared?
- What would have happened if the need had not been met?
- What is the need?
Discuss the questions as a group. Help the students broaden their definition of philanthropy by awareness of its many forms.
Ask the students whether all literature contains philanthropy.
Students will develop a chart with the column headings being:
What is the Need?
Who fills the Need?
Who is the Community?
Time, Talent and Treasure
Action for the Common Need
Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
Benchmark E.1 Define philanthropy as the giving and sharing of time, talent, or treasure intended for the common good.
Benchmark E.4 Define and give examples of selfishness and selflessness.