PrintTwo fifty minute class periods

The learner will:

  • summarize historic essays on the American philanthropic tradition
  • prepare an introduction to one essay
  • discuss assigned readings
  • determine how American philanthropists contributed in building and sustaining a democratic society.
  • Copies of readings and/or computer access to readings.
  • Resources necessary to take notes and construct an introductory presentation to fulfill their facilitation responsibility.


  1. Anticipatory Set:List the key terms covered in Lesson One (Key Concepts in a Democratic Society) on the board.Ask the students how each one is vital in achieving and sustaining a representative democracy.

  2. Divide the students into four groups and assign a Homework reading from Lesson Three to each group.

  3. Ask each group to be responsible for facilitating a class discussion of the writing by determining the key points in the writing and preparing at least three discussion questions to explore those points.Tell the students to use the concepts just reviewed as they plan the discussion.

  4. Each group will also be responsible for creation of 10 multiple-choice questions over the reading they are facilitating.

  5. Allow each group to facilitate the discussion on their assigned reading.Ask one member of the group to take notes on the discussion, on chart paper or in a display area. (These notes can be reviewed or reproduced as study notes for the class prior to taking the multiple choice quiz, if desired.)


Students study guides well be visually checked. In addition, students will be assessed on their ability to lead a discussion and present the highlights of their assigned readings. Students will take a multiple-choice test constructed from the submissions from the discussion group planning. Unit Post-Test: Return the students' Pre-Test taken in Lesson One (Handout One). Have them redefine the key terms in the “post test” space provided.

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark HS.1 Define philanthropy to include giving and sharing; volunteering; and private individual action intended for the common good. Explain how a volunteer individual/group can act for the common good.
      2. Benchmark HS.2 Identify and discuss examples of philanthropy and charity in modern culture.
    2. Standard DP 03. Names and Types of Organizations within the Civil Society Sector
      1. Benchmark HS.1 Recognize and use a variety of terms related to the civil society sector appropriately, and identify the characteristics the terms describe.
  2. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
      1. Benchmark HS.1 Define the phrase <i>community/social capital</i> and discuss how it relates to all communities and the problem of factions.
      2. Benchmark HS.4 Describe and give examples of characteristics of someone who helps others.
    2. Standard PCS 05. Philanthropy and Government
      1. Benchmark HS.13 Define and offer examples of community/social capital.
      2. Benchmark HS.2 Discuss civic virtue and its role in democracy.
  3. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark HS.10 Identify reasons why historic figures acted for the common good.
      2. Benchmark HS.4 Cite historical examples of citizen actions that affected the common good.