Hiawatha, the Great Peacemaker
This lesson illustrates how one person's action for the common good can affect an entire community.
The learner will:
- define the terms: philanthropy, community, hero, and natural resources.
- list the Four-Step Plan (need, plan, action, result) to solve a problem in their community.
- identify three articles from magazines or local newspapers that show examples of philanthropy.
- a social studies text that includes the story of Hiawatha
- copies of "Philanthropy in My Community" handout
Find newspaper and magazine articles that show examples of problems to address or that have been addressed in the community. Complete Philanthropy in My Community-Hero Worksheet (handout), using one of the newspaper articles.
Show a brief video or read a passage about Hiawatha's work joining people together. Give a little biographical information.
Review vocabulary terms:
- philanthropy: private action for the public good
- natural resource: anything found in the environment that people use
- community: people who live together in the same area
- hero: a person who is noted for great courage, nobility, or achievements
- leader: A person that shows the way or directs others; guide
- role model: A person who is usually successful or inspiring in some social role and serves as a model for others
To analyze actions we may take today, compare the steps of a legendary hero (Hiawatha) to this four-step problem solving model. Complete the graphic organizer handout together as a class with information from a story about Hiawatha.
- Problem: Hiawatha was distrelled because the wars between the Indian tribes were tearing them apart.
- Steps taken to solve the problem:
- Hiawatha goes into the forest alone to think about ways to solve the problem.
- He discovers purple and white shells and uses grasses to weave the shells into belts.
- Hiawatha travels to other villages to talk about peace. He gives wampum as a symbol of peace.
- Tribes learn to live together peacefully.
- Go through the four-step process together related to a current problem. For example:
- Need: A way to help solve pollution (auto emissions, land fills, water, smoking)
- Plan: List ways to reduce pollution,
- Action: Steps taken to solve the problem: recycle, car pooling, walking when possible, save on water
- Result: Less pollution and cleaner air to breathe.Point out to students that for all of these problems, the result is people helping people, often using natural resources to make a difference for others in their community.
- Homework: find newspaper and magazine articles that show examples of problems to address or that have been addressed in the community. Complete Philanthropy in My Community-Hero Worksheet (handout), using one of the newspaper articles.
Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
Benchmark E.9 Give examples how people give time, talent or treasure in different cultures.