Defining Philanthropy—Who's Phil's Aunt Thropy?
- be able to define philanthropy.
- be able to identify "nonprofit," "independent" and "third sector" as synonymous terms when discussing philanthropy.
- identify at least three ways in which people "give" for the common good.
- be able to identify at least five philanthropic organizations.
For further information, refer to the list of philanthropic organizations below. This list is not comprehensive; rather it is intended to give the teacher a starting point.
- The American Red Cross
- The United Way
- Habitat for Humanity
- Sierra Club
- League of Women Voters
- Hospitals, Cancer Society, Hospice and other health care organizations.
- Service organizations such as Lions International, Rotary, and Kiwanis
- Mutual benefit societies such as Chamber of Commerce, Sororities, and Fraternities.
- Religious-based organizations such as YWCA or YMCA.
Anticipatory Set: Ask the questions, "How many students know Phil's Aunt Thropy? How many students think that they are philanthropists?" Briefly discuss and develop a definition of philanthropy by brainstorming students' ideas of the meaning of philanthropy and introduce the idea of giving for the common good. (The working definition of philanthropy is: individuals and organizations who provide their time, talent, and/or treasures for the common good.)
- Instruct students that several terms are used interchangeably when referring to philanthropic organizations such as "nonprofit" or "independent" or "third sector" organizations. Allow time for some discussion about the meaning and significance of the terms used.
- Give two or three specific examples of philanthropic organizations (i.e., The Red Cross, The United Way, and Rotary). Follow these examples with a brainstorming activity to identify a wide variety of other organizations active in philanthropy. From the student-developed list, identify those organizations that are active in the local community.
- Discuss with students the purpose of the local groups they identified. Students will know many philanthropic groups but may not know why they exist. Conduct a discussion why people participate in philanthropic activities. Develop a list for the class.
- Repeat the anticipatory set question, "How many students think that they are philanthropists?"
Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
Standard DP 03. Names and Types of Organizations within the Civil Society Sector
Benchmark MS.2 Discuss examples of civil society organizations from a list of categories of organizations.
Standard DP 04. Operational Characteristics of Nonprofit Organizations
Benchmark MS.1 State the purpose of a mission statement and describe how civil society organization mission statements relate to philanthropy.
Benchmark MS.3 Describe how a specific civil society organization in the community operates.
Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 04. Philanthropy and Geography
Benchmark MS.2 Identify and describe how regional civil society organizations help the people in the region.
Benchmark MS.3 Identify and describe civil society organizations whose purpose is associated with issues relating to "human characteristics of place."