Three to four 30 minute class periods
The learner will:
Students will work in interest groups within the classroom to identify a need in the school or community. They will make a plan to meet that need or provide some help. Refer to the Grades 3-5 Social Studies Unit entitled "Real Heroes" on the Learning to Give Web site (click on "Teaching Materials" in the left-hand frame of the Home Page, then Grade Level). The unit has several lessons which tie in nicely with this unit. One lesson has students attempting to fill a need, as suggested here. Another lesson has students identifying their heroes. In another lesson, students identify the attributes of a hero and contrast a hero with a celebrity.
Set up eight chairs in two columns like a bus. Have eight students sit in the bus seats and tell them (and the class) that they have been working all day and they are tired. They are riding the bus home on a half-hour trip. Tell them that you are a new passenger getting on the bus. Role-play that you are getting on the bus. Pick one student (not a sensitive one) and tell him or her that he or she must get up and give you his or her seat. If the student hesitates, say "You know the law, people with (red) shirts must give up their seats if someone with a (blue) shirt comes on the bus. So get up or I will have you arrested." Hold a discussion about what happened and the feelings of the people involved. Guide the students to the conclusion that the law is not fair and that it is the responsibility of the individual and community to do something about the law.
Students will demonstrate their understanding of the work of Rosa Parks in their written outlines and explanations of individual rights and community responsibility. Monitor student letters to assure that students use quality writing and express sincere feelings about the contributions of the people to whom they choose to write.
Math: Using dates from the Rosa Parks resources, have students calculate Mrs. Parks' age at the different significant events in her life.
Parks, Rosa and Gregory J. Reed. Dear Mrs. Parks: A Dialogue with Today's Youth. Lee and Low Books, 1997. ISBN: 1880000458
Parks, Rosa, James Haskins, and Jim Haskins. Rosa Parks: My Story. Puffin, 1999. ISBN: 0141301201
<www.time.com/time/time100/heroes/profile/parks01.html> (a good site for a summary of Rosa Parks' life as well as links to other resource sites)
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