Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
Benchmark MS.1 Define philanthropy as individuals and organizations providing their time, talent, and/or treasures intended for the common good throughout history and around the world. Give examples.
This lesson may stand on its own as an introduction to the concept of philanthropy or lead into the unit exploring philanthropy of different geographic traditions. Participants listen to a read-aloud picture book that illustrates the value of giving gifts that are good for the giver and receiver. We expand thinking of potential gifts of time, talent, and treasure.
- define and use the vocabulary of philanthropy.
- apply the concept of philanthropy to personal experiences.
- Franklin's Christmas Gift (see Bibliography)
- copies of the three handouts:
- Time, Talent, Treasure Worksheet
- Vocabulary List
- Philanthropy Worksheet
Bourgeois, Paulette. Franklin's Christmas Gift. New York: Scholastic, 1998. ISBN 0-590-02611-9
Ask participants to think about one treasured item from home that they would be proud to give if there was someone whose discomfort they could make better with a gift. Maybe it is a blanket, special toy, or a book. They may share a little about that item with a partner or the whole group.
Read aloud Franklin's Christmas Gift. Discuss the story and the transition in Franklin's attitude. What was the change and why did he shift? When the story says that Franklin "felt good all over" it is because philanthropy makes the giver feel good. Discuss that feeling that comes from giving.
Recall the donations made in the story. Talk about what traits make them high value, medium value, and low value. Discuss how the value of each item may not be determined by the monetary value of the item, but more by personal value.
Discuss the meaning of the word philanthropy as "giving of time, talent, and/or treasure." Share examples.
On a copy of the Time, Talent, and Treasure Worksheet (handout) participants list examples of what they could share for each of the three categories.
Read through the Vocabulary List handout. Talk about the definitions, asking participants to define them in their own words. Discuss family traditions related to the terms and clarify any misconceptions or questions regarding these terms.
As they complete the Philanthropy Worksheet handout, participants refer to the item they said they would be proud to give in the beginning of the lesson.