Investigations in Aid—Identifying the Need
  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.6 Identify significant contributions to society that come from the civil society sector.
    2. Standard DP 04. Operational Characteristics of Nonprofit Organizations
      1. Benchmark MS.1 State the purpose of a mission statement and describe how civil society organization mission statements relate to philanthropy.
      2. Benchmark MS.2 Describe the basic structure of a civil society organization.
      3. Benchmark MS.3 Describe how a specific civil society organization in the community operates.
  2. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 03. Philanthropy and Economics
      1. Benchmark MS.13 Describe how philanthropy can reallocate limited resources to meet human needs.
      2. Benchmark MS.2 Explain charitable giving in economic terms.
      3. Benchmark MS.6 Describe how the financial resources of an individual, family, or corporation relate to their ability to give away money to unknown others.
  3. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Define and give examples of the motivations for giving and serving.
  4. Strand PHIL.IV Volunteering and Service
    1. Standard VS 05. Integrating the Service Experience into Learning
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Describe different processes of program evaluation.
      2. Benchmark MS.2 Evaluate progress on the service-learning project before, during, and after the project.

The purpose of this lesson is to help students to better understand life in emerging nations and to investigate the needs of selected countries.

PrintTwo to Three 60-Minute Class Periods

The learner will:

  • research current conditions in three areas of need: social, economic and political, and then state a geographic impact on each country's ability to improve its economy.
  • use templates to collect and organize research information about a selected country.
  • Copies for each student of research templates (see Attachments One to Three)
  • Access to Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook
  • Optional resources for research:
    • World Atlases
    • Almanacs
    • Textbooks
    • Magazines
    • Encyclopedias
  • Computer accessibility
Central Intelligence Agency. World Factbook:
  1. Anticipatory Set:Ask your students, "How many of you have heard of the CIA?" Tell them that they will visit the CIA Web site to access information.

  2. Divide students into five cooperative groups.

  3. Working in their cooperative groups, the students will be assigned an emerging or developing nation. For the purpose of example, we will use the countries of Honduras, Nigeria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, and Kazahkstan.

  4. Students will research the current status of problem areas to determine the needs of the country. Students should analyze social, political, and economic needs, and the impact the country's geography has on its ability to improve its economy.

  5. Students should write a summary on their findings (Attachment Three).

  6. Place the grid below on the board and have a member of each group post a presentneed from their assigned country under each category to form a composite list todetermine patterns, if any.

    Name of Country Social Needs Political Needs Economic Need Geographical Impact Honduras Nigeria Bosnia Cambodia Kazahkstan



Completed research templates and/or outlines. Students will locate their assigned country on a map of the world and be able to discuss the geographic features of the country. Students will identify examples of social needs, political needs, and economic needs, and compare them.