Mirror, Mirror--Step Six: Reflection
  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Define philanthropy as individuals and organizations providing their time, talent, and/or treasures intended for the common good throughout history and around the world. Give examples.
    2. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Describe how different needs are met in different ways by government, business, civil society, and family.
  2. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Define and give examples of the motivations for giving and serving.
      2. Benchmark MS.4 Identify and describe the actions of how citizens act for the common good.
  3. Strand PHIL.IV Volunteering and Service
    1. Standard VS 03. Providing Service
      1. Benchmark MS.2 Describe the goals of the project and their impact.
    2. Standard VS 05. Integrating the Service Experience into Learning
      1. Benchmark MS.2 Evaluate progress on the service-learning project before, during, and after the project.
      2. Benchmark MS.3 Identify outcomes from the service.

Students evaluate their learning about philanthropy and the process of selecting a service-learning project. They write a guided reflection on their experience.  

PrintOne 45 Minute Session

The learner will:

  • reflect on the service-learning planning process and the project the class has chosen.
  • define philanthropy.
  • define and give examples of the motivations for giving and serving.

student copies of Handout One: Written Reflection

  1. Anticipatory Set: In small groups (not the project groups), students discuss the process of planning and presenting a service-learning project idea. They each have two minutes to discuss their process with the group.They may also discuss the roles they would like to take on in the chosen classroom project(s).

  2. Bring groups back together as a class.

  3. Ask students to share some of their insights from the small group discussions.

  4. Give each student a copy of Handout One: Written Reflection.

  5. Have them fill in answers to the questions. Then have them transfer their answers to paragraph form on another paper.


Since this is a reflection, do not assess the content. Assess whether they answered the questions with focus and personal insight. The following assessment rubric could be used to assess this reflection: 4 points - answered all questions and gave personal examples and insight. 3 points - answered 3 of 4 questions with reasonable focus 2 points - answered 2 of 4 questions with reasonable focus, little personal input 1 point - answered 1 of 4 questions with reasonable focus 0 points - answered 0 of 4 questions