Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
Benchmark HS.4 Describe and give examples of characteristics of someone who helps others.
Standard PCS 07. Skills of Civic Engagement
Benchmark HS.3 Participate in acts of democratic citizenship in the community, state or nation, such as petitioning authority, advocating, voting, group problem solving, mock trials or classroom governance and elections.
Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
Benchmark HS.2 Compare and contrast enlightened self-interest, egoism, and altruism as they relate to philanthropy and principles of democracy.
The learners identify motivations for giving and social action in the community. They promote giving and social action through persuasive writing.
The learner will:
- define community.
- identify motivations for volunteering/giving.
- small sticky notes, two colors
- copies of handouts below
- Prince, Alan and Karen File. The Seven Faces of Philanthropy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1994. ISBN: 9780787960575
Give each learner two sticky notes. On one sticky note they write one thing they think motivates adults to volunteer or give money to a cause. On the second sticky note they write what they think motivates them (or other teens) to get involved in volunteering or social action.
Distribute the handout below, Motivations of Giving.
As they are reading, list the seven motivations from the handout as column headings on a display area. After reading, briefly discuss the seven motivations. Read the following statements aloud and ask which motivation each one represents.
- “Hey, one good turn deserves another, I always say.” - Giving Back
- “I rather give locally than to a similar National Organization” - Being Part of a Community
- “I guess I never really thought about it. It’s just something I’ve always done.” -Family Tradition
- “I give when my accountant says it would be in my best interest.” - Good Business
- “If the world is going to improve, we all need to pitch in.” - Selfless Concern
- “Some of my best friends throw great fund-raising parties.” - Social Function
- “Aren’t we told to “Do unto others as we would have them do unto us?” - Religion
Have the learners look at their first sticky note that tells what motivates adults to give. They each place their sticky note under one of the seven categories that best matches their explanation. Discuss any new ideas or observations.
Now distribute and have the learners read the handout: Top Ten Reasons for Youth to Volunteer. While they are reading, write the ten reasons on the display area.
Have the learners place their second sticky note in the column of the display that best matches their personal motivation to give.
Discuss the similarities and differences between adults and teens in the motivations for volunteering.
Have the learners, using what they now know about the motivations and reasons for volunteering, write a call to action (related to an issue they care about) to motivate peers or family/community members to volunteer or take action for the good of all.
Write a paragraph about a time you felt motivated to do something kind or to give to someone. What was your motivation?