Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
Benchmark MS.4 Give examples of how individuals have helped others.
Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
Benchmark MS.4 Describe the characteristics of someone who helps others.
Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
Benchmark MS.4 Identify and describe the actions of how citizens act for the common good.
In this lesson students will research the stories of individuals (motivations, background, values) who have received the Nobel Peace Prize and explain why they received it. They will analyze the importance of their actions for the common good.
The learner will:
- describe the work of various winners of the Noble Peace Prize.
- analyze how choices made by the recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize improved the common good.
- What Can One Little Person Do? (Attachment One)
- The Nobel Peace Prize-Laureates (Attachment Two), individual names placed in a box
- Was the Job Done? (Attachment Three)
- Student copies of Research Outline (Attachment Four)
- links to several Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speeches
- Costume pieces, old clothes, wigs, shoes−any pieces or articles based on character
Students will find information about individuals, schools and non-profit organizations that have made an impact toward peace and the common good in their own community.
Start class by playing the song, “What Can One Little Person Do?” by Sally Rogers. Display the lyrics(see Attachment One). Have students list key words and common characteristics of people in the song. Discuss findings with students.
Play an excerpt from a Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech at http://www.nobelprize.org/ceremonies/archive/ Discuss the message and a brief explanation of the peace prize. Pass around a box filled with names of Nobel Peace Prize recipients and let each student group of 3-5 students pull out a name randomly.
After they pull the names, go back to the website and view some of the selections you put in the box and ask the students to match the names with stories. To spur students’ interest in the Nobel recipients, ask the following questions as they are listening:
How did this person represent peace?
What were some key words you heard?
How does someone gain recognition for peace work?
Have the student teams use the computer lab to research the person they chose. The Website http://www.nobelprize.org/ may be used as a reference site. Guide students through the process of collecting the research material using Research Outline (Attachment Four). After obtaining the information they need, teams should assign each person in the team a task. One student should present to the class, another can be the writer, one should design the costume and deliver the acceptance speech and one should be the editor and presenter of the final written essay.
Students should present their lessons to the class by reading the introduction and presenting the speech and conclusion. At the conclusion of the presentations, have students make generalizations about what kinds of individual contributions are important to the common good. How did the choices they made lead to the consequence of winning a Nobel Prize? Did the winners of the Nobel prizes have any characteristics in common? What can we learn from them about promoting peace in the world?
Using Was the Job Done? (Attachment Three), the learners will be assessed on group cooperation and oral presentation, punctuation/spelling and content of written introduction.