Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
Benchmark E.3 Recognize that citizens have a responsibility for the common good as defined by democratic principles.
Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
Benchmark E.3 Describe a benefit of group cooperation.
Benchmark HS.4 Describe and give examples of characteristics of someone who helps others.
Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
Benchmark MS.2 Describe the importance of hearing all voices in a community and respecting their right to be heard.
Benchmark E.2 Discuss the importance of respect for others.
Benchmark E.5 Identify the relationship between individual rights and community responsibility.
Standard PCS 07. Skills of Civic Engagement
Benchmark E.2 Discuss an issue affecting the common good in the classroom or school and demonstrate respect and courtesy for differing opinions.
Benchmark E.3 Participate in acts of democratic citizenship in the classroom or school, such as voting, group problem solving, classroom governance or elections.
Benchmark MS.3 Participate in acts of democratic citizenship in the classroom or school, such as voting, group problem solving, classroom governance or elections.
Benchmark HS.1 Utilize the persuasive power of written or oral communication as an instrument of change in the community, nation or the world.
Benchmark HS.3 Participate in acts of democratic citizenship in the community, state or nation, such as petitioning authority, advocating, voting, group problem solving, mock trials or classroom governance and elections.
In civil society, different people come together to form community. While differences may cause conflict, for the sake of the common good, we practice empathy and respect for others. We use literature to talk about how people from different perspectives see the same thing. We discuss how to communicate respectfully with someone of a different opinion and to seek common ground or compromise. The service project is to create posters that bring people together.
The learners will...
- explore the challenge of respecting opinions held by others with whom they may disagree.
- brainstorm and practice steps for successful conflict resolution.
- create posters for the school or community to teach conflict resolution skills.
- plan and carry out a service project.
- books on conflict resolution for elementary children (see bibliography below)
- chart paper, large drawing paper, crayons/markers
- Intermediate book list related to different perspectives: https://www.thebump.com/a/childrens-books-about-diversity
- For more background on conflict resolution skills for youth, view this six-part series published by Michigan State University Extension
Anticipatory Set:Put up the following quotation: "Different people have different opinions, and it's okay to respect all of them." Juan Pablo Galavis (a retired professional soccer player)Ask participants to think about a time when they saw things differently from someone else. Have an example or two to share to get ideas flowing. Discuss:
Discuss why respecting and listening to different perspectives is important in a diverse world. Share times when a first impression of a situation was wrong.
- What was the difference or conflict?
- How did you talk about it or resolve the issue?
- How did you feel afterward?
Read a picture book about seeing diversity as strength or the tools of conflict resolution. Here are a few to get you started:
- This Is How We Do It by Matt Lamothe
- Crayon by Simon Rickerty
- The Recess Queen by Alexis O'Neill
- Why Are You Looking at Me? I Just Have Down Syndrome by Lisa Tompkins
- My Family Divided by Diane Guerrero
Discuss the unexpected ways people may react when someone listens or acts respectfully. Make a list of kind things people can do that don't cost them anything (except a little pride).
In your small group discuss the following questions:
- What are actions and words that show kindness? Respect? Understanding before judging?
- What are ways to make a friend?
- How do you take steps to help everyone in the group feel included? How can you tell when they don't feel included?
Each small group creates a poster to be displayed where others will see it depicting how to:
- Respect others
- Be kind
- Show empathy
This service project may be started together and completed in subsequent days, either with the group or with friends and family.
Create a poster to be displayed in the community depicting the conflict resolution guidelines.
- Provide poster board, markers, pictures/illustrations to create the groups’ poster. Note: A poster is one suggestion; the group may communicate their methods through a demonstration, social media, video, or other means.
- Be sure the steps on the posters reflect a path to effectively listen to others, strategize options for solving the conflict, and reach mutual understanding.
- Share, then display the posters throughout the community setting.
A longer-term and more comprehensive service project would be to explore whether a peer mediation program should be implemented. Here are sites for basic information:
ASCD, Teaching Students to Be Peer Mediators http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept92/vol50/num01/Teaching-Students-to-Be-Peer-Mediators.aspx
The youth may decide to do another service-learning project that addresses a specific need at their school. Help them plan and carry out the project.
Reflect on this quote again and discuss how it is possible to respect different opinions when it feels important to know the right answer."Different people have different opinions, and it's okay to respect all of them." - Juan Pablo Galavis
In a written response participants reflect on two or more points listed below:
- How did your thinking change related to diverse perspectives and resolving conflict?
- How do diverse perspectives make a situation stronger? How do they make it more complicated?
- Write a sample sentence that uses language to include others' opinions in a difference of opinion about what game to play.
- Give a personal example of a disagreement and the steps you used / could have used to bring both sides together.
- Explain the role of an outside mediator and when it is necessary.
Follow-up: Discuss what the group would like to do next to continue impacting their community.
After reading a book about conflict resolution, guide a discussion with the following:
- How did the characters resolve their conflict?
- What methods or words are similar to what we use in our classroom or homes?
- Give a personal example of a disagreement and the steps you took (or could have tried) to bring both sides together.