Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
Benchmark HS.4 Describe and give examples of characteristics of someone who helps others.
Standard PCS 05. Philanthropy and Government
Benchmark HS.12 Explain why private action is important to the protection of minority voices.
Benchmark HS.3 Identify the relationship between individual rights and community responsibilities.
Standard PCS 07. Skills of Civic Engagement
Benchmark HS.1 Utilize the persuasive power of written or oral communication as an instrument of change in the community, nation or the world.
Strand PHIL.IV Volunteering and Service
Standard VS 01. Needs Assessment
Benchmark HS.1 Identify a need in the school, local community, state, nation, or world.
Benchmark HS.2 Research the need in the school, neighborhood, local community, state, nation, or world.
Standard VS 02. Service and Learning
Benchmark HS.1 Select a service project based on interests, abilities, and research.
Students use visual literacy skills to analyze the components and message of an image. The students identify issues that are meaningful to them and create a simple image/message and then design a social media campaign to advocate for their issue. This lesson plan includes some optional elements.
The learners will
- use visual literacy thinking skills to explore the meaning and emotions presented in an art image.
- identify a difficult issue that they care about.
- examine the elements of design and language to communicate effectively.
- create an image to communicate an advocacy message.
- design a social media campaign to spread that message.
- reflect on the importance of conversations and advocacy in civil society.
- Several recent "cause" images for students to look at closely and with which they are likely to have some familiarity. Here are links to: Black Lives Matter, the Women's March, and the March for Our Lives You may also want to include the iconic I Am a Man sign held by the striking sanitation workers in Memphis--the event that brought Dr. King to the city of his death.u can also include photographic images from events associated with these causes.
- Magazines of popular culture (students can cut images from them for their work)
- Poster materials or technology for design
Display several visual images that encourage observation and interpretation.
Look at elements of design to communicate tone, feeling, and message. Give these Visual Thinking Strategy prompts:
- Observe the image quietly. (Build up tolerance for looking carefully for a time).
- What is going on in the image? (Accept all responses without judgment; paraphrase their inferences.)
- What do you see that makes you think that? (Ask for evidence of their inferences. Keep it safe for risking.)
- What else do you see? What else does this make you think? (Encourage wondering and observation.)
- Thank you for making observations of this art. We bring our own interpretations to art from our different experiences.
Optional: What is the point of view (POV) of the artist? Is the image effective in communicating its POV? Are you persuaded? Can you identify other "cause" images that you think are effective?
Optional: This lesson also presents an opportunity to focus on listening. Before leading the class discussion about the images, ask students to turn to their neighbors and discuss and come to a definition of what it might mean to "listen with generosity." Have them first define the words listen and generosity and then come up with definitions. Talk in a whole group and record their words on a chart. Some words that come out in their discussion and debriefing may be:
- listen first before giving your point of view
- take turns talking; don't interrupt
- repeat back what you hear without judging
- be tolerant of differences
- show respect for a different point of view
- listen with the idea that different is not wrong
- seek to understand before trying to be understood
- be kind and supportive to the person who is talking
Ask students to practice generous listening as the images are discussed. Remind them that we view things differently in the world because we have different traits and backgrounds that make us who we are. People see issues in the world differently, and they don't always communicate factually or with respect for other views.
For Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, we want to honor justice, fairness, and respect for differences while civilly communicating our views about issues important to us.
Next: Ask your students to reflect on what can be done to advocate for what we care about. Advocacy is one form of doing service to make the world better. By sharing messages of respect, we are advocating for a better world. Watch this video that defines Advocacy.
Note that King was a very effective advocate, as are many young advocate-leaders today. What makes them effective? Briefly review these characteristics of good advocates, emphasizing “Good Listeners” and “Communicators”.
Project: Using the visual images displayed as guides, students design an image with simple text that communicates to others the action that needs to be taken related to the issue they care about. (They may use simple design software like Canva or draw in Google Slides.) It probably makes sense for students to work in groups of 2 or 3 if they have common issues to advocate.
The students create a mini-campaign with written goals about what message they hope to communicate, the intended audience[s] and the social media platform[s] they would use. They should explain why the particular form[s] of social media they select would be effective in educating and presuading their intended audience to take action.
Student campaigns should demonstrate thought and attention to visual design to communicate a message of advocacy. The social media campaign should be clear about goals, audience and methods.
- What effect do images have in evoking emotion and thought?
- What makes them efffective in communicating and presuading for an advocacy position?
- Why is it important to express our views in civil society?