Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
Benchmark MS.2 Describe the importance of hearing all voices in a community and respecting their right to be heard.
Benchmark MS.5 Discuss examples of groups denied their rights in history.
Standard PCS 07. Skills of Civic Engagement
Benchmark MS.2 Discuss a public policy issue affecting the common good and demonstrate respect and courtesy for differing opinions.
Benchmark MS.4 Analyze information to differentiate fact from opinion based on the investigation of issues related to the common good.
Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
Benchmark MS.5 Describe the responsibility students have to act in the civil society sector to improve the common good.
Benchmark MS.9 Identify pro-social behavior in different cultures and traditions.
Strand PHIL.IV Volunteering and Service
Standard VS 01. Needs Assessment
Benchmark MS.2 Research the need in the school, neighborhood, local community, state, nation, or world.
Standard VS 03. Providing Service
Benchmark MS.6 Describe the procedures and the importance of sensitivity to the people with whom students are working.
In civil society, different people come together to form community. While differences may cause conflict, for the sake of the common good, we practice empathy and respect for others. Students respond to scenarios of differences in opinion. They learn to communicate respectfully with someone of a different opinion and to seek common ground or compromise. The lesson concludes with a service project in which the students create posters to teach these methods to the school or community.
The learners will...
- explore the challenge of respecting opinions held by others with whom they may disagree.
- brainstorm and practice steps for successful conflict resolution.
- create posters for the school or community to teach conflict resolution skills.
- posters and supplies for the service project
- copy of the PowerPoint slide show to facilitate this lesson (below)
For more background on conflict resolution skills for youth, take a look at a short six-part series published by Michigan State University Extension
Adapt this one-period lesson plan for any grade level and follow it with a simple and powerful service project on MLK Day. The reflection brings learning and service impact together.
Anticipatory Set: (8 minutes)Put up the following quotation: "Different people have different opinions, and it's okay to respect all of them." Juan Pablo Galavis (a retired professional soccer player)Ask students to think about a time when they had a difference with one of their friends or family. Try to get students to share, but have an example or two to share with them. Discuss:
Discuss why respecting and listening to different opinions is important in a diverse world. Share times when a first impression of a situation was wrong.
- What was it about?
- How did you resolve it?
- How did you feel afterward?
Part One: (12 minutes)
Display one or both of the following scenarios, and have small groups brainstorm answers to the questions below.
- At recess time a group of fifth-grade boys and girls head out to the playground. They join a group from another class that is gathering to play a team game. They are in the process of dividing into teams, and one of the boys who is selected as captain is forming a team with NO girls on it.
- The science club of a diverse high school is setting up a team to compete with other schools. Mike, the captain of the team, is allowed to pick the 4-member team, subject to approval of the principal. Mike, a white male, announces that he will pick the science club members with the three highest scores on the PSAT to join him on the team. This year, those three happen to be white male students.
In both of these scenarios, those not chosen were unhappy and felt that the process was not fair.
In your small group discuss the following questions:
- In what ways was the captain of the team being fair, and what ways was he unfair?
- If you were present, what could you have contributed to a more fair outcome?
- What is the proper process for a fair outcome?
- How does the Galavis quote help with the discussion and resolution?
Part Two: (20 minutes)
Bring the class back together to share ideas, and create a classroom master plan for effective conflict resolution.
The students should brainstorm their own effective method, but here are some ideas:
- State your point of view
- Ask the other person to explain their position and listen carefully
- Ask clarifying questions and state their point of view in your words
- Brainstorm solutions that fit both points of view--find common ground
- Agree on next steps, including seeking someone else to help with the resolution
- Accept that resolution likely will include compromise by all
This service project may be started in class and completed in subsequent days, either with the class or with friends and family.
Create a poster to be displayed around the school or in the community depicting the conflict resolution guidelines.
- Students have access to poster board, markers, pictures/illustrations to create their groups’ poster. Note: A poster is one suggestion; your students may communicate their methods through a demonstration, social media, video, or other means.
- Be sure the steps on the posters reflect the students’ path to effectively listen to others, strategize options for solving the conflict, and reach mutual understanding.
- Share, then display the posters throughout the school setting.
A longer-term and more comprehensive service project would be to explore whether a peer mediation program should be implemented at your school. Here are sites for basic information:
ASCD, Teaching Students to Be Peer Mediators http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept92/vol50/num01/Teaching-Students-to-Be-Peer-Mediators.aspx
Follow the project with a brief reflection.
In a written response address two or more points listed below:
- How did your thinking change related to recognizing and resolving conflict?
- Give a personal example of a disagreement and the steps you used / could have used to bring both sides together.
- Explain the role of an outside mediator and when it is necessary.
Follow-up: Discuss what they’d like to do next to continue impacting their community.