Changing for the Common Good

Grades: 
9, 10, 11, 12

Learners will cite philanthropic historical events and place them on a timeline. They will focus on events in which the nonprofit sector was used to make positive changes in society.

Lesson Rating 
0
Duration 
PrintOne Fifty-Five Minute Class Period
Objectives 
  • The learner will:
    • identify how the nonprofit sector was used to make positive changes in society.
    • place significant events related to marginalized, disenfranchised and disadvantaged groups and individuals on a timeline.
Materials 
  • Colored markers and white butcher paper
  • History text
  • Teacher Guide to Philanthropic Historical Events (Handout One)

Instructions

Print
  1. Anticipatory Set: Review the meaning of the terms "nonprofit sector" and "for-profit sector."

  2. Write the following question on the board:

    "What are three specific events, focusing on marginalized, disenfranchised and disadvantaged groups, that occurred throughout history in which the nonprofit sector was used to make positive changes in society?"

    Have the learners write three events down as a journal entry, and ask them to explain how the nonprofit sector was involved in these specific events. Give them about five minutes and then brainstorm possible answers, writing them on the board.

     

    • Divide the learners into groups of five, and assign each group at least five events from the board. Allow them to use their history texts to look up the time period in which each event occurred. The time periods should be divided as follows 1800-1840, 1841-1880, 1881-1920, 1921-1960, 1961-present. Write the event and the time period in which each one occurred on separate pieces of paper. This will take approximately ten minutes.

      Teacher Note: If learners need additional events, suggest some from Teacher Guide to Philanthropic Historical Events (Handout One) or the timeline from learning to give.org.

    • Pass out the markers and a piece of white butcher paper to each group. Assign one time period to each group. Assign one person from each group to distribute five pieces of paper with an event on it to the group. When each group has received its events, have them put together a timeline of events on the butcher paper.
    • When the groups are finished, have them turn to their particular period in their history books and see if they can come up with at least three more events in which the nonprofit sector was used to make positive changes in society.
    • A spokesperson from each group should stand by their timeline and explain the events to the rest of the class.
    • Students should take notes on the philanthropic historical events for use as a study guide for a unit end test.
Assessment 

The learner will write at least a one-paragraph journal entry on three specific events and describe how the nonprofit sector was used to make positive changes in society. The learner will contribute as a member of a cooperative learning group in creating a timeline of philanthropic historical events.

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
      1. Benchmark HS.5 Describe civil society advocacy organizations and their relationship to human rights.
    2. Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
      1. Benchmark HS.5 Describe how women and minority groups have used the civil society sector as an alternative power structure.
      2. Benchmark HS.7 Identify and give examples of the important roles women and minorities have played in the civil society sector in history.
    3. Standard PCS 05. Philanthropy and Government
      1. Benchmark HS.4 Identify and discuss civil society sector organizations working to protect individual rights, equity, and justice.
    4. Standard PCS 06. Philanthropy in History
      1. Benchmark HS.1 Describe how the common good was served in an historical event as a result of action by a civil society sector organization.
      2. Benchmark HS.5 Identify positive philanthropic historic acts or events that helped build the community, state, and nation.