Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
Benchmark HS.1 Analyze philanthropic traditions of diverse cultural groups and their contributions to civil society.
Benchmark HS.6 Describe the role that growth in personal wealth plays in the changing types of philanthropy for minority groups and women.
Benchmark HS.7 Identify and give examples of the important roles women and minorities have played in the civil society sector in history.
Madam C. J. Walker, successful African American business woman, supported many causes with the profits of her business. We become aware of the many ways people give.
Analyze the impact that Madam C. J. Walker had on improving her community.
copies or projected image of Madam C. J. Walker's philanthropy (handout)
- Madam C.J. Walker http://www.madamcjwalker.com/
- The Faces of Science: African Americans in Science https://webfiles.uci.edu/mcbrown/display/walker.html
Imagine doing laundry before the invention of electric powered machines. It was a long and backbreaking process. Water had to be pumped and heated on a wood stove. Then it was poured into tubs where clothing was scrubbed by hand, then hung to dry. Ironing was also tedious. Irons had to be heated on hot stoves since there was no electric power. Those who could afford it often chose to take their laundry to someone who would do all this hard work for them.
Madam C.J. Walker did this hard work for others for many years, then developed her own products for beauty care and built a very successful business during a time that few opportunities were open to women of any color. Furthermore, she did not forget others when she became wealthy but worked to support worthy projects and encouraged her employees to do the same.
Read about Madam C. J. Walker by researching her philanthropic role in different issues and events.
She was the daughter of ex-slaves and sharecroppers who lived on a Louisiana cotton plantation. When her parents died she worked first as a domestic servant and then worked for seventeen years in St. Louis, Missouri, laundering clothes. In her late thirties she began a line of beauty products for African American women and opened a string of beauty parlors and beauty training schools. She became the first self-made millionaire in the United States. Highly successful, she began supporting African American causes with both money and personal involvement.
Analyze the impact Madam C. J. Walker had on her community by discussing the following questions:
- Why is Madam C. J. Walker called a philanthropist?
- Who benefited from Madam C. J. Walker's philanthropy?
- Even though doctors warned Madam C. J. Walker that she had to "slow down," she refused and consequently died in her early fifties. Why do you think she chose to use her money and time this way rather than relax and enjoy the life of the wealthy?
- How was she demonstrating civic responsibility (acting for the good of the public)?
Philanthropy that uses time, talent, and treasure to make a change is a power source for people who may have limited power. How can young people use philanthropy as a means to gain power to make a difference?