PrintOne 20-minute lesson

The learner will:

  • read the text on Frederik de Klerk's background and actions on apartheid.
  • respond to questions posed on de Klerk's principles.
  • Display the definition of integrity: Knowing and doing what's right
  • Student copies of Handout One: Frederik De Klerk

Answers.com: Frederik de Klerk https://www.answers.com/t/frederik-willem-de-klerk

Wikipedia: Frederik de Klerk https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederik_Willem_de_Klerk

The Guardian. "Why FW de Klerk let Nelson Mandela out of prison." https://www.theguardian.com/


  1. Anticipatory Set:

    Teacher: In the first lesson, we talked about how our values are "grown" in us. Today, we'll read about a man who showed great integrity in direct opposition to his family background. See if you can figure out how he arrived at his values that guided his actions.

  2. Distribute copies of Handout One: Frederik De Klerk. Ask the students to read the text silently. (If the text is too difficult for the group, the text can be read aloud by the teacher with students following along.)

  3. Hold a class discussion of the questions at the end of the text.

  4. Ask the class to discuss how he arrived at his values.

  5. Summarize the lesson by telling the students that while this story's theme is the overthrowing of apartheid [a system of legal racial segregation], the deeper meaning is that one person, acting with integrity, can make a difference.

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Define philanthropy as individuals and organizations providing their time, talent, and/or treasures intended for the common good throughout history and around the world. Give examples.
    2. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Describe how different needs are met in different ways by government, business, civil society, and family.
      2. Benchmark MS.5 Explain why economic freedom is important to the civil society sector.
  2. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
      1. Benchmark MS.3 Give political and historic reasons why civil society groups have formed in the nation and world.
    2. Standard PCS 05. Philanthropy and Government
      1. Benchmark MS.9 Describe the role of public interest groups in a democratic government.
    3. Standard PCS 06. Philanthropy in History
      1. Benchmark MS.2 Give an example of individual philanthropic action that influenced the nation's history.
  3. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.10 Identify reasons why historic figures acted for the common good.