Identifying qualities of a hero in life and literature will enable students to conclude that heroic figures are often depicted as, but do not need to be, “larger than life.” Through readings and becoming familiar with the characters portrayed in Greek mythology, they will recognize elements of heroism as acts of philanthropy and advocacy for the common good.

Through reading the legend of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, students will continue to investigate how present-day definitions of heroism have been influenced by cultural heritage and identify philanthropy themes intrinsic in their reading.

An activity and picture book discussion illustrate the tendency for people to see differences as a reason to fight. As we see in political divisions, society can be torn apart by factions. Differences provide an opportunity to be curious about someone else. Factions may also have a positive side when like-minded people collaborate to accomplish something difficult. 

Students read an old quote about the interconnection of all life on the planet and recognize that we are each affected by what happens to others and the environment. They will analyze current local, state, national and international issues addressed in the evening news. They become aware of the work of the U.N. Global Sustainable Development Goals and of foundations that give funds to improve the conditions of life. Students reflect on something they can do to make a difference.

On September 2, 1945 Japan surrendered, ending a global six-year war that saw the highest number of casualties in history. Much of the world was in shambles and many people were in the direst of circumstances. In the interest of global cooperation and recovery, the U.S. government performed sweeping acts of philanthropy that improved the conditions of people devastated or homeless from war. In this lesson we learn of the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Berlin Airlift, and the Displaced Persons Act.

To have the learners analyze, interpret and evaluate an annual report of a foundation or nonprofit organization and answer questions in relation to it, and to participate in class discussions regarding budgets, fundraising, and distribution of funds.

To design a community needs assessment and collect, interpret and analyze collected data which will be used in their service-learning projects with foundations and agencies discovered in Lesson One: Foundation, Nonprofit, All Matter to Me.