Lorenzo de Zavala

6, 7, 8

The learners examine the responsible choices of Lorenzo de Zavala who was a leader in Texas and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

PrintOne 20-minute lesson

The learner will:

  • identify the examples of responsibility in the life of Lorenzo de Zavala.
  • Copy for each learner of the handout Manuel Lorenzo Justiniano de Zavala y Saenz 


  1. Anticipatory Set:

    Since we've been talking about responsibility, today we are going to read about a man whose life was guided by a strong sense of responsibility for his community, state, and country. Manuel Lorenzo Justiniano de Zavala y Saenz was instrumental in shaping the Republic of Texas, and he signed the Declaration of Independence.

  2. As the learners read the biography handout Manuel Lorenzo Justiniano de Zavala y Saenz they underline in the text the responsibilities he took on throughout his life.

  3. After completing the reading, the learners answer the questions either through discussion or in writing. 

Philanthropy Framework

  1. Strand PHIL.I Definitions of Philanthropy
    1. Standard DP 01. Define Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.4 Give examples of how individuals have helped others.
    2. Standard DP 02. Roles of Government, Business, and Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.2 Give examples of needs not met by the government, business, or family sectors.
      2. Benchmark MS.6 Identify significant contributions to society that come from the civil society sector.
  2. Strand PHIL.II Philanthropy and Civil Society
    1. Standard PCS 01. Self, citizenship, and society
      1. Benchmark MS.4 Describe the characteristics of someone who helps others.
    2. Standard PCS 02. Diverse Cultures
      1. Benchmark MS.1 Examine several examples of philanthropic traditions practiced in diverse cultures.
    3. Standard PCS 06. Philanthropy in History
      1. Benchmark MS.2 Give an example of individual philanthropic action that influenced the nation's history.
  3. Strand PHIL.III Philanthropy and the Individual
    1. Standard PI 01. Reasons for Individual Philanthropy
      1. Benchmark MS.10 Identify reasons why historic figures acted for the common good.